Pregnancy is typically divided into three trimesters. The first trimester is from week one through 12 and includes conception Conception is when the sperm fertilizes the egg. The fertilized egg then travels down the fallopian tube and attaches to the inside of the uterus, where it begins to form the embryo and placenta The first trimester carries the highest risk of miscarriage (natural death of embryo or fetus). The second trimester is from week 13 through 28. Around the middle of the second trimester, movement of the fetus may be felt At 28 weeks, more than 90% of babies can survive outside of the uterus is provided with high-quality medical care. The third trimester is from 29 weeks through 40 weeks. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Common symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy include:
In addition, pregnancy may result in pregnancy complication such as deep vein thrombosis or worsening of an intercurrent disease in pregnancy. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Through an interplay of hormones that includes follicle stimulating hormone that stimulates folliculogenesis and oogenesis creates a mature egg cell, the female gamete. Fertilization is the event where the egg cell fuses with the male gamete, spermatozoon. After the point of fertilization, the fused product of the female and male gamete is referred to as a zygote or fertilized egg. The fusion of male and female gametes usually occurs following the act of sexual intercourse. Fertilization can also occur by assisted reproductive technology such as artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Fertilization (conception) is sometimes used as the initiation of pregnancy, with the derived age being termed fertilization age. Fertilization usually occurs about two weeks before the next expected menstrual period. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
The third point in time is also considered by some people to be the true beginning of a pregnancy: This is a time of implantation, when the future fetus attaches to the lining of the uterus. This is about a week to ten days after fertilization.[ In this model, during the time between conception and implantation, the future fetus exists, but the woman is not considered pregnant. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
The initial stages of human embryogenesis
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You already know that exercise is good for you, but it's especially beneficial when you're pregnant. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
It's such an important part of a healthy pregnancy that the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends at least 20 to 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise on most or all days of the week (as long as your provider hasn't ruled out exercise or limited your physical activities because of a medical condition or complication). Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Here are eight ways exercising during pregnancy benefits you and your baby. Working out when you're pregnant can:
Pregnancy saps your energy, but regular exercise can help you get through your daily tasks or cope with a demanding schedule more easily. That's because exercise strengthens your cardiovascular system, so you don't tire as easily and you have the energy to ride out stressful times. And with strong, toned muscles, you don't need to put in as much effort to engage in any activity, whether it's grocery shopping or sitting through meetings at the office.
Before you hop on the treadmill or into the pool, make sure you read through these safety guidelines and see our tips on starting an exercise program.
From yoga and Pilates to swimming and brisk walking, here are some of the best ways to stay active and fit during pregnancy. See all pregnancy videos Maternity active shorts los Angeles
As your pregnancy progresses, finding a comfortable sleeping position can be a real challenge. But exercise can tire you out enough to lull you into a more restful sleep. (Get more tips for sleeping well during pregnancy.)
Studies suggest that exercising during pregnancy can lower the risk of developing gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
(If you've been diagnosed with preeclampsia or gestational hypertension, be sure to talk with your healthcare provider about exercising. Depending on your condition and how far along you are in your pregnancy, she may ask you to limit or avoid physical activity.)
In women who develop gestational diabetes, regular exercise can make an important difference: One major study found that when women with gestational diabetes exercised moderately three times a week, their risk of having a macrosomic (very large) newborn was reduced by 58 percent, which led to a 34 percent lower risk of a cesarean delivery. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Pregnancy massage for relaxation Maternity active shorts los Angeles
A pregnancy massage can help ease tense and tired muscles. Watch a demonstration of how to do a relaxation massage at home during pregnancy. See all pregnancy videos
Regular exercise strengthens your muscles, which helps your body cope better with the aches and pains of pregnancy. Doing stretches and yoga eases back pain, walking improves your circulation, and swimming can strengthen your abdominal muscles Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Linea nigra in a woman at 22 weeks pregnant Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Flowchart showing the recommended weight limits for lifting at work during pregnancy as a function of lifting frequency, weeks of gestation, and the position of the lifted object relative to the lifter's body
Pre-conception counseling is care that is provided to a woman and/ or couple to discuss conception, pregnancy, current health issues and recommendations for the period before pregnancy. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Prenatal medical care is the medical and nursing care recommended for women during pregnancy, time intervals and exact goals of each visit differ by country Women who are high risk have better outcomes if they are seen regularly and frequently by a medical professional than women who are low risk. A woman can be labeled as high risk for different reasons including previous complications in pregnancy, complications in the current pregnancy, current medical diseases, or social issues. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
The aim of good prenatal care is prevention, early identification, and treatment of any medical complications. A basic prenatal visit consists of measurement of blood pressure, fundal height, weight and fetal heart rate, checking for symptoms of labor, and guidance for what to expect next. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure healthy growth of the fetus.[ Nutrition during pregnancy is different from the non-pregnant state There are increased energy requirements and specific micronutrient requirements. Women benefit from education to encourage a balanced energy and protein intake during pregnancy. Some women may need professional medical advice if their diet is affected by medical conditions, food allergies, or specific religious/ ethical beliefs. ] Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Adequate periconceptional (time before and right after conception) folic acid (also called folate or Vitamin B9) intake has been shown to decrease the risk of fetal neural tube defects, such as spina bifida. The neural tube develops during the first 28 days of pregnancy, a urine pregnancy test is not usually positive until 14 days post-conception, explaining the necessity to guarantee adequate folate intake before conception Folate is abundant in green leafy vegetables, legumes, and citrus In the United States and Canada, most wheat products (flour, noodles)
Women are also counseled to eat seafood in moderation and to eliminate seafood known to be high in mercury because of the risk of birth defects. Pregnant women are counseled to consume caffeine in moderation, because large amounts of caffeine are associated with miscarriage. However, the relationship between caffeine, birthweight, and preterm birth is unclear Maternity active shorts los Angeles
Drugs used during pregnancy can have temporary or permanent effects on the fetus. Anything (including drugs) that can cause permanent deformities in the fetus are labeled as teratogens In the U.S., drugs were classified into categories A, B, C, D and X based on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rating system to provide therapeutic guidance based on potential benefits and fetal risks. Drugs, including some multivitamins, that have demonstrated no fetal risks after controlled studies in humans are classified as Category A On the other hand, drugs like thalidomide with proven fetal risks that outweigh all benefits are classified as Category X
The use of recreational drugs in pregnancy can cause various pregnancy complications.
Regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy appears to improve (or maintain) physical fitness. Physical exercise during pregnancy does appear to decrease the risk of C-section. Bed rest, outside of research studies, is not recommended as there is no evidence of benefit and potential harm.
The Clinical Practice Obstetrics Committee of Canada recommends that "All women without contraindications should be encouraged to participate in aerobic and strength-conditioning exercises as part of a healthy lifestyle during their pregnancy". Although an upper level of safe exercise intensity has not been established, women who were regular exercisers before pregnancy and who have uncomplicated pregnancies should be able to engage in high-intensity exercise programs. In general, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be safe, with the avoidance of those with a high risk of falling such as horseback riding or skiing or those that carry a risk of abdominal trauma, such as soccer or hockey. Maternity active shorts los Angeles
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reports that in the past, the main concerns of exercise in pregnancy were focused on the fetus and any potential maternal benefit was thought to be offset by potential risks to the fetus. However, they write that more recent information suggests that in the uncomplicated pregnancy, fatal injuries are highly unlikely. They do, however, list several circumstances when a woman should contact her health care provider before continuing with an exercise program: vaginal bleeding, dyspnea before exertion, dizziness, headache, chest pain, muscle weakness, preterm labor, decreased fetal movement, amniotic fluid leakage, and calf pain or swelling (to rule out thrombophlebitis) Maternity active shorts los Angeles
It has been suggested that shift work and exposure to bright light at night should be avoided at least during the last trimester of pregnancy to decrease the risk of psychological and behavioral problems in the newborn Maternity active shorts los Angeles.