Nutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure healthy growth of the fetus.[ Nutrition during pregnancy is different from the non-pregnant state There are increased energy requirements and specific micronutrient requirements. Women benefit from education to encourage a balanced energy and protein intake during pregnancy.
Some women may need professional medical advice if their diet is affected by medical conditions, food allergies, or specific religious/ ethical beliefs. ] Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Adequate periconceptional (time before and right after conception) folic acid (also called folate or Vitamin B9) intake has been shown to decrease the risk of fetal neural tube defects, such as spina bifida. The neural tube develops during the first 28 days of pregnancy, a urine pregnancy test is not usually positive until 14 days post-conception, explaining the necessity to guarantee adequate folate intake before conception Folate is abundant in green leafy vegetables, legumes, and citrus In the United States and Canada, most wheat products (flour, noodles) are fortified with folic acid. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Weight gain Maternity workwear Los Angeles
The amount of healthy weight gain during a pregnancy varies. Weight gain is related to the weight of the baby, the placenta, extra circulatory fluid, larger tissues, and fat and protein stores Most needed weight gain occurs later in pregnancy. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
The Institute of Medicine recommends an overall pregnancy weight gain for those of normal weight (body mass index of 18.5–24.9), of 11.3–15.9 kg (25–35 pounds) having a singleton pregnancy Women who are underweight (BMI of less than 18.5), should gain between 12.7–18 kg (28–40 lbs), while those who are overweight (BMI of 25–29.9) are advised to gain between 6.8–11.3 kg (15–25 lbs) and those who are obese (BMI>30) should gain between 5–9 kg (11–20 lbs). These values reference the expectations for a term pregnancy. The Friedmann-Balayla Model provides a more accurate calculation of weight gain by gestational age. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Around 50% of women of childbearing age in developed countries like the United Kingdom are overweight or obese before pregnancy. Diet modification is the most effective way to reduce weight gain and associated risks in pregnancy A diet that has foods with a low glycemic index may help prevent the onset of gestational diabetes. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Here are some facts about exercising during pregnancy. More detail is in the main article.
Benefits of exercise during pregnancy Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Exercise during pregnancy can provide great benefit for a mother and child.
Women who were exercising regularly before pregnancy, and who are healthy during pregnancy, should be able to continue exercising as before, with slight changes depending on the trimester.
Women who have not been exercising before pregnancy will benefit from taking up a low-intensity program and gradually move to a higher activity level.
Exercise is recommended for 20 to 30 minutes each day, on most days. Most exercises are safe to perform during pregnancy if done with caution.
Tips for healthy exercise during pregnancy Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Physical changes during pregnancy create extra demands on the body, so it is important to exercise with care. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
How to exercise safely Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Swimming whilst pregnant is an effective, safe form of exercise. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
A few tips can help you stay safe when exercising. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Always: Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Here are some useful tips:
Cautions when exercising during pregnancy Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Women who were exercising intensely, for example, jogging, before pregnancy may have to moderate their regime.
Activities may change as time goes on, because of bodily changes that occur. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Who should not exercise? Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Exercise during pregnancy can help:
It may also give an infant a healthier start.
Research shows that when pregnant women exercise, fetal heart rate is lower. Newborns may also have a healthier birth weight, a lower fat mass, improved stress tolerance, and advanced neurobehavioral maturation.
provider first. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Exercise may not be advised if there is:
Stop exercising if you:
A health-care provider can suggest personal exercise guidelines, based on the individual's medical history. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Six types of exercise to keep you fit and healthy Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Yoga can be a useful way to improve flexibility whilst pregnant. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Suitable activities during pregnancy are brisk walking, swimming, indoor stationary cycling, prenatal yoga, and low-impact aerobics, guided by a certified aerobics instructor. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Some special exercises can help prepare for labor.
These carry little risk of injury, they benefit the entire body, and they can continue until delivery. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
If pre-pregnancy exercise levels were low, a quick stroll around the neighborhood is a good way to start. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
This will provide a cardiovascular workout without too much impact on the knees and ankles. It can be done for free, almost anywhere, and at any time during pregnancy. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Safety tip: As pregnancy progresses, your center of gravity changes, and you can lose your sense of balance and coordination. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Choose smooth surfaces, avoid potholes, rocks, and other obstacles, and wear supportive footwear. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Swimming and exercising in water give a better range of motion without putting pressure on the joints. The buoyancy offered by the water may offer some relief from the extra weight.
Swimming, walking in water, and aqua aerobics offer health benefits throughout pregnancy. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Safety tip: Choose a stroke that feels comfortable, and that does not strain or hurt your neck, shoulders, or back muscles, for example, breaststroke. A kickboard can help strengthen the leg and buttock muscles. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Cycling on a stationary bike, also called spinning, is normally safe even for first-time exercisers. It helps raise the heart rate without putting too much stress on the joints.
The bike helps support body weight, and, because it is stationary, the risk of falling is low.
Later in pregnancy, a higher handlebar may be more comfortable. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Prenatal yoga classes keep the joints limber and help maintain flexibility.
Yoga strengthens muscles, stimulates blood circulation, and enhances relaxation. These may contribute to a healthy blood pressure during pregnancy. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
The techniques learned in a yoga class can also help you to stay calm and in control during labor. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Safety tip: As pregnancy progresses, skip positions that could cause you to overbalance. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
From the second semester, it is better to avoid poses that involve lying on the abdomen or flat on the back. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Lying on the back can cause the weight of the fetus and the uterus to put pressure on major veins and arteries and decrease blood flow to the heart.
It can be tempting to overstretch, as the hormone relaxin increases flexibility and joint mobility during pregnancy. Overstretching could lead to injury. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Aerobic exercise strengthens the heart and lungs and helps maintain muscle tone. Low-impact aerobics excludes jumping, high kicks, leaps, or fast running.
In the low-impact exercise, one foot should stay on the ground at all times.
Compared with high-impact aerobics, the low-impact option:
limits stress on the joints Maternity workwear Los Angeles
A weak pelvic floor increases the chances of urine leakage.
Some aerobics classes are designed especially for pregnant women. This can be a good way to meet other pregnant women, as well as exercising with an instructor who is trained to meet your specific needs.
Women who already attend a regular aerobics class should let the instructor know that they are pregnant so they can modify exercises and advise about suitable movements. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Brisk walking instead of jogging can reduce pressure on the lower back. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
The American Pregnancy Association recommends some exercises specifically for pregnancy, as they prepare the body for labor and delivery. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Squatting: During labor, squatting may help to open the pelvis, so it may be a good idea to practice during pregnancy. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Stop exercising and consult a health care provider if you:
Regular physical activity can boost maternal and fetal health, and it can make pregnancy, labor, and post-delivery recovery easier. However, it is important to stay safe during exercise.
Exercise during pregnancy can help:
It may also give an infant a healthier start.
Research shows that when pregnant women exercise, fetal heart rate is lower. Newborns may also have a healthier birth weight, a lower fat mass, improved stress tolerance, and advanced neurobehavioral maturation. Maternity workwear Los Angeles
Maternity workwear Los Angeles